The Duff Muttu or the Dubh Muttu, or the Duff Kalli is an art form performed in Kerala by the Muslim community to commemorate their festivals, nuptial ceremonies or Urooses and also for social entertainment.Duffmuttu is a dance form popular among the Muslims of Malabar. Also known as 'Aravanamuttu', it is performed both as a ritual, and a social entertainment during festivals and nuptical ceremonies.The Muslims perform this dance praising the Creator's glory in Arabic. The songs used in Duffmuttu dance are mainly tributes to famous martyrs, heroes and saints.Also known as Aravanamuttu, Duffmuttu dance is staged as a social event on the occasion of various festivals and nuptial ceremonies. This is . Made of wood and ox skin, Duff is also called Thappitta. Duff is among the permitted musical instruments that can be used while singing. Duffmuttu dance has its roots in Arabia and is generally performed in paddy fields. However, in certain areas where Duff is not available, Arabana is used.The songs used in Duffmuttu dance are mainly tributes to famous martyrs, heroes and saints.

During the Duffmuttu dance performance, the artistes beat the Duff, while the leader of the group sings the lead. The others form the chorus and move in circles as the dance progresses. There is no fixed time limit to the Duffmuttu dance, and it can be performed at any time of the day.Mosques and Madrasas have their own Duff Muttu troupes. Stage competitions are also arranged all over Kerala.



The Duff Muttu is said to have been initially performed in Madina in South Arabia. This used to be performed on the paddy fields of Arabia where the artists used to sing the praise of the Lord.


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